Title: Who are you referring to ? Coreference resolution in image narrations
Abstract: Coreference resolution aims to identify words and phrases which refer to same entity in a text, a core task in natural language processing. In this paper, we extend this task to resolving coreferences in long-form narrations of visual scenes. First, we introduce a new dataset with annotated coreference chains and their bounding boxes, as most existing image-text datasets only contain short sentences without coreferring expressions or labeled chains. We propose a new technique that learns to identify coreference chains using weak supervision, only from image- text pairs and a regularization using prior linguistic knowledge. Our model yields large performance gains over several strong baselines in resolving coreferences. We also show that coreference resolution helps improving grounding narratives in images.
Title: An Action Is Worth Multiple Words: Handling Ambiguity in Action Recognition
Abstract: Precisely naming the action depicted in a video can be a challenging and oftentimes ambiguous task. In contrast to object instances represented as nouns (e.g. dog, cat, chair, etc.), in the case of actions, human annotators typically lack a consensus as to what constitutes a specific action (e.g. jogging versus running). In practice, a given video can contain multiple valid positive annotations for the same action. As a result, video datasets often contain significant levels of label noise and overlap between the atomic action classes. In this work, we address the challenge of training multi-label action recognition models from only single positive training labels. We propose two approaches that are based on generating pseudo training examples sampled from similar instances within the train set. Unlike other approaches that use model-derived pseudo-labels, our pseudo-labels come from human annotations and are selected based on feature similarity. To validate our approaches, we create a new evaluation benchmark by manually annotating a subset of EPIC-Kitchens-100's validation set with multiple verb labels. We present results on this new test set along with additional results on a new version of HMDB-51, called Confusing-HMDB-102, where we outperform existing methods in both cases.